a civil society alliance for combatting chronic disease in the caribbean

WHO Monitoring framework and targets for the prevention and control of NCDs

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WHO Monitoring framework and targets for the prevention and control of NCDs Why we need a global target on physical inactivity We commend WHO for developing the Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of NCDs, adopted at the UN High Level Meeting in September 2011 and Member States on their support for the Political Declaration. Halting the NCD epidemic requires timely implementation of the commitments in the Political Declaration and taking clear decisions at the 65th World Health Assembly this May.

The Declaration calls for action on the four most important risk factors for NCDs, namely tobacco, diet, physical inactivity and alcohol. However, the current WHO Discussion Paper on a Global Monitoring Framework and Voluntary Targets for the Prevention and Control of NCDs, targets only three of the common risk factors namely; tobacco, diet and alcohol, in addition to targets and indicators on intermediate risk factors and selected health outcomes.

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NON COMMUNICABLE DISEASE PREVENTION: Investments that Work for Physical Activity A complementary document to The Toronto Charter for Physical Activity: A Global Call to Action

Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of deaths due to non communicable disease (NCDs) worldwide - heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancers - and each year contributes to over three million preventable deaths .1 Physical inactivity is related (directly and indirectly) to the other leading risk factors for NCDs such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high glucose levels; and, to the recent striking increases in childhood and adult obesity, not only in developed countries but also in many developing countries. Substantial scientific evidence supports the importance of physical inactivity as a risk factor for NCD independent of poor diet, smoking and alcohol misuse.

Physical activity has comprehensive health benefits across the lifespan: It promotes healthy growth and development in children and young people, helps to prevent unhealthy mid-life weight gain, and is important for healthy ageing, improving and maintaining quality of life and independence in older adults.

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